Today, all developers are focused on the future trends of web development, which will become popular in 2022. Their use will not only help to make the most functional site but will also contribute to its promotion in the search engine. How relevant these trends are will be clear in several months. Nevertheless, knowledge of these trends will give a developer an advantage when hiring and will allow making their projects more relevant and effective.
Developing a good mobile app is an expensive, time-consuming process that requires multiple iterations. But businesses should not ignore this communication channel - Statista predicts that 72.9% of all purchases in the world will be done through gadgets in 2021, and even more in 2025. Progressive Web App (PWA) is a technology for transforming a mobile app into a browser.
With PWA, a user accessing a company's website via Firefox, Safari, or Chrome moves to a comfortable environment without downloading the app. It is also possible to use it offline and save an icon for quick access to one of the screens. New features are added remotely by the developer - the gadget owner does not need to update anything. Due to the fact that PWA can be placed in the App Store and Google Play, the user will get access to the application through them.
The demand for WebAssembly is dictated by the market, with ever-higher performance requirements for devices. The solution is quite universal and applies to both PCs and mobile gadgets. Today, WASM is available for all major browsers except Internet Explorer.
Perhaps the main trend in web development in terms of UX is to have an alternative dark theme. People spend an average of 7 hours a day online, 4 of which are spent using smartphones. Part of this time falls during the dark hours of the day when the eyes get very tired of the light design of websites and apps.
There are dark themes in Google Chrome, Twitter, and Spotify. But it is important to conduct A/B-testing and collect focus groups so that in the pursuit of the trend does not lose usability in the UX.
If we approach dark themes from a functional point of view, it is more correct to call them "night" - in low light or no light it is easier to perceive information. It is also possible to save the battery power of your smartphone or laptop by making the brightness of the screen lower.
Development without programming or No-code is another current trend. No-code solutions are designed for people who don't know programming languages but want to make, for example, a business card site. In these SaaS services, users choose a template, add and change elements in a visual editor, connect the extensions and get the finished product, without writing a single line of code. The popular Tilda website builder is a good example of such a service. A few more examples: Bubble, Webflow, Wappler, and Betty Blocks.
The emergence of these services was a response to the desire of entrepreneurs to simplify the chain and reduce the cost of developing and launching projects from scratch, passing them from the hands of a developer to a person who is immersed in the company processes. Yes, the resulting site will not work as quickly as one created from scratch by professional programmers, it has fewer opportunities to do something out of the box, but most small business entrepreneurs do not need this.
Low-code is often confused with No-code - they share a desire to simplify the process of creating sites from scratch. But the Low-code solution is different. It is for programmers who, instead of writing thousands of lines of complex code for routine functions, can focus only on the distinctive features of the project, and the rest of the standard things "copy-paste" or create with a visual editor (as in No-code). This will allow them to use the intellectual resource more efficiently, leaving the routine to the machine. An example of a low-code platform is Pegasystems.
Gather expects programmers will build up to 65% of all new sites with Low-code and No-code by 2024. For future developers, this means two things:
- A programmer's job will become more complex and specialized: routine processes will be taken over by machines, and standard features will be taken over by people who don't know code.
- A lower entry threshold into the profession will lower development costs and impact the market. But high-class specialists with deep knowledge of programming languages should not worry about their salaries. Services for Low-code and No-code will also need someone to create, develop and maintain.
It is still impossible to say for sure how long these trends will develop, but each of the examples points to the importance of learning the basics of programming in popular languages. Forecasting is a thankless task, and forecasts in IT, due to the mobility of the industry, tend to come true worst of all.
Conrad is a professional blogger, content maker, and freelance writer. He has written many great and valuable posts on a variety of topics.
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